Cubeb (Piper cubeba), or tailed pepper is a plant in genus Piper, cultivated for its fruit and essential oil. It is mostly grown in Java and Sumatra, hence sometimes called Java pepper.
The fruits are gathered before they are ripe, and carefully dried. Commercial cubebs consist of the dried berries, similar in appearance to black pepper, but with stalks attached – the “tails” in “tailed pepper”.
The dried pericarp is wrinkled, and its color ranges from grayish-brown to black. The seed is hard, white and oily. The odor of cubebs is described as agreeable and aromatic and the taste as pungent, acrid, slightly bitter and persistent.
It has been described as tasting like allspice, or like a cross between allspice and black pepper.
|Latin name:||Piper cubeba|
|Origin:||Java - Indonesia|
|Harvest time:||Early summer|
|How is it harvested:||Cubeb trees are found within coffee plantations and the cubeb berries are hand gathered before they ripen (when they are green) and dried where they become black.|
|Other uses:||Food trade|